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Nature Reviews Microbiology contents, August 2008, Volume 6

August 2008 Volume 6 Number 8


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In this issue
Research Highlights
News and Analysis
Focus on: Sustainability

Also this month

Featured article:
Systems Microbiology

Featured article:
Carbon catabolite repression in bacteria: many ways to make the most out of nutrients <http://ealerts.nature.com/cgi-bin24/DM/y/hmLv0aNjgP0Hjf0Bzu60Ev>
Boris Görke & Jörg Stülke

The Source Event - London, 26/09/2008
Now in its 2nd successful year, The Source Event is a dedicated science career fair from Naturejobs, combining a dynamic exhibition with conference and workshop sessions.

The programme <http://ealerts.nature.com/cgi-bin24/DM/y/hmLv0aNjgP0Hjf0BwCd0Eo>  is divided into 3 streams: Graduate, Post Doc and Non-traditional careers. Exhibitors include a wide range of employers, recruitment agencies and governmental

Register now at: www.source-event.com

<http://ealerts.nature.com/cgi-bin24/DM/y/hmLv0aNjgP0Hjf0BwBw0E7>  <http://ealerts.nature.com/cgi-bin24/DM/y/hmLv0aNjgP0Hjf0BwBw0E7>

Nature Reviews Immunology Focus on Mucosal Immunology

The field of mucosal immunology is undergoing a revival. Nature Reviews Immunology is proud to present a special Focus issue highlighting the recent advances in this field, including insights into HIV infection, mucosal vaccines, and its relationship to inflammation, inflammatory bowel disease and the immunological importance of epithelial cells.

Access the Focus free online for 6 months

Produced in collaboration with FOCIS and supported by Beckman Coulter.

In this issue
p565 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro1956
Full Text

Editorial: A golden age for microbial ecology
p566 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro1957

This month, microbiologists gather at ISME12 in Australia to deliberate advances in microbial ecology that could benefit the planet. What are the key challenges for this blossoming field?

Full Text

| PDF <http://ealerts.nature.com/cgi-bin24/DM/y/hmLv0aNjgP0Hjf0BzvX0EW>


Immune evasion: Cloaked against complement
p567 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro1953


Immune evasion: A new role for rhomboid proteases
p568 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro1954


Quorum sensing

| Techniques and applications
p568 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro1966


Biofilms: Clutch control
p569 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro1962


Bacterial physiology: From start to finish for Streptomyces
p569 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro1963


Immune regulation: Gut responses tamed by friendly bacteria
p570 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro1950

Parasitology: Hidden treasure uncovered?
p570 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro1959


Viral pathogenesis: Measles virus in one-way crossing
p571 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro1961


Senior Nutritionist / Dietician
Nestle Research Center
Lausanne 1000 Switzerland

Postdoctoral research fellow or research assistant professor
University of Missouri School of Medicine
Columbia, MO

IAH Fellowships
Institute for Animal Health
Newbury United Kingdom

Postdoctoral research fellow or research assistant professor
University of Missouri School of Medicine
Columbia, MO

Post-doctoral position
University College Dublin
Dublin, Ireland

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Third Genome Maintenance Meeting
30.08. - 02.09.08
Oslo, Norway

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Genomic adaptation: a fungal perspective
Arnab Pain & Christiane Hertz-Fowler
p572 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro1964


In the News
p574 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro1965

PDF <http://ealerts.nature.com/cgi-bin24/DM/y/hmLv0aNjgP0Hjf0Bzvn0Es>

Focus on: Sustainability


Methanogenic archaea: ecologically relevant differences in energy conservation
Rudolf K. Thauer et al.
p579 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro1931
Methanogenic archaea with and without cytochromes have been identified. This Review focuses on differences in energy conservation during the reduction of CO2 with H2 to CH4. In methanogens with cytochromes, the first and last steps are coupled chemiosmotically, and the authors propose that in methanogens without cytochromes, these steps are coupled by a cytoplasmic enzyme complex that mediates flavin-based electron bifurcation.


| Full Text <http://ealerts.nature.com/cgi-bin24/DM/y/hmLv0aNjgP0Hjf0BzvL0EK

| PDF <http://ealerts.nature.com/cgi-bin24/DM/y/hmLv0aNjgP0Hjf0Bzvo0Et>

Article series: Systems Microbiology
Towards environmental systems biology of Shewanella
James K. Fredrickson et al.
p592 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro1947
The shewanellae are masters of metabolism and can catabolize numerous carbon sources either aerobically or anaerobically using a range of electron acceptors. Ubiquitous among microbial communities from marine to soil environments, this genus is important in carbon cycling and bioremediation. Systems-biology approaches could shed new light on the ecophysiology of these bacteria.

Abstract <http://ealerts.nature.com/cgi-bin24/DM/y/hmLv0aNjgP0Hjf0BzvM0EL

| Full Text <http://ealerts.nature.com/cgi-bin24/DM/y/hmLv0aNjgP0Hjf0BzvN0EM

| PDF <http://ealerts.nature.com/cgi-bin24/DM/y/hmLv0aNjgP0Hjf0Bzvp0Eu>



Pre-genomic, genomic and post-genomic study of microbial communities involved in bioenergy
Bruce E. Rittmann, Rosa Krajmalnik-Brown & Rolf U. Halden
p604 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro1939
Microbial bioenergy could be used to generate large amounts of carbon-neutral alternatives to fossil fuels. This article discusses the contribution of genomic resources to the generation of bioenergy by bacteria and archaea.

Abstract <http://ealerts.nature.com/cgi-bin24/DM/y/hmLv0aNjgP0Hjf0BzvO0EN

| Full Text <http://ealerts.nature.com/cgi-bin24/DM/y/hmLv0aNjgP0Hjf0BzvP0EO

| PDF <http://ealerts.nature.com/cgi-bin24/DM/y/hmLv0aNjgP0Hjf0Bzvq0Ev>


Carbon catabolite repression in bacteria: many ways to make the most out of nutrients
Boris Görke & Jörg Stülke
p613 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro1932
Using the process of carbon catabolite repression (CCR), bacteria control gene expression and protein activity to preferentially metabolize the carbon sources that are most easily accessible and allow fastest growth. Recent findings have provided new insight into the mechanisms that different bacteria use to control CCR.

Abstract <http://ealerts.nature.com/cgi-bin24/DM/y/hmLv0aNjgP0Hjf0BzvQ0EP

| Full Text <http://ealerts.nature.com/cgi-bin24/DM/y/hmLv0aNjgP0Hjf0Bzu60Ev

| PDF <http://ealerts.nature.com/cgi-bin24/DM/y/hmLv0aNjgP0Hjf0Bzvr0Ew>

Mechanisms of microbial traversal of the blood-brain barrier
Kwang Sik Kim
p625 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro1952
Central nervous system infections are an important cause of morbidity and mortality. Here, Kwang Sik Kim summarizes our current understanding of the mechanisms that are involved in traversal of the blood-brain barrier by selected meningitis-causing microorganisms.

Abstract <http://ealerts.nature.com/cgi-bin24/DM/y/hmLv0aNjgP0Hjf0BzvR0EQ

| Full Text <http://ealerts.nature.com/cgi-bin24/DM/y/hmLv0aNjgP0Hjf0BzvS0ER

| PDF <http://ealerts.nature.com/cgi-bin24/DM/y/hmLv0aNjgP0Hjf0Bzvs0Ex>



Establishing bacterial communities by 'word of mouth': LuxS and autoinducer 2 in biofilm development
Kim Rachael Hardie & Karin Heurlier
p635 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro1916
Autoinducer 2 (AI2) is the only quorum-sensing signal that is shared by Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria. Because AI2 biosynthesis, specified by the luxS gene, is linked to S-adenosyl homocysteine recycling, determining whether luxS biofilm phenotypes are due to signalling or effects on bacterial metabolism is not straightforward, and is discussed here.

Abstract <http://ealerts.nature.com/cgi-bin24/DM/y/hmLv0aNjgP0Hjf0BzvT0ES

| Full Text <http://ealerts.nature.com/cgi-bin24/DM/y/hmLv0aNjgP0Hjf0BzvU0ET

| PDF <http://ealerts.nature.com/cgi-bin24/DM/y/hmLv0aNjgP0Hjf0Bzvt0Ey>


Correspondence: What makes a virus a virus?
Roland Wolkowicz & Moselio Schaechter
p643 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro1858-c1

Full Text <http://ealerts.nature.com/cgi-bin24/DM/y/hmLv0aNjgP0Hjf0BzvV0EU

| PDF <http://ealerts.nature.com/cgi-bin24/DM/y/hmLv0aNjgP0Hjf0Bzvu0Ez>

Correspondence: What makes a virus a virus: reply from Raoult and Forterre
Didier Raoult & Patrick Forterre
p643 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro1858-c2

Full Text <http://ealerts.nature.com/cgi-bin24/DM/y/hmLv0aNjgP0Hjf0BzvW0EV

| PDF <http://ealerts.nature.com/cgi-bin24/DM/y/hmLv0aNjgP0Hjf0Bzvv0E1>

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